Economics Online Tutor
Members of Congress Who Have
Signed Grover Norquist's Taxpayer
Protection Pledge in Violation of the
Constitution and the Oath Of Office
Alabama:

Jeff Sessions (Senate)
Richard Shelby (Senate)
Jo Bonner
Martha Roby
Mike Rogers
Robert Alderholt
Mo Brooks
Spencer Bachus

Alaska:

Lisa Murkowski (Senate)
Don Young

Arizona:

Jon Kyl (Senate)
John McCain (Senate)
Paul Gosar
Trent Franks
Ben Quayle
David Schweikert
Jeff Flake


Arkansas:

John Boozman (Senate)
Rick Crawford
Tim Griffin
Steve Womack

California:

Wally Herger
Dan Lungren
Tom McClintock
Jeff Denham
Devin Nunes
Kevin McCarthy
Elton Gallegly
Buck Mckeon
David Dreier
Ed Royce
Jerry Lewis
Gary Miller
Ken Calvert
Mary Bono Mack
Dana Rohrabacher
John Campbell
Darrell Issa
Brian Bilbray
Duncan D. Hunter

Colorado:

Scott Tipton
Corey Gardner
Doug Lambom
Mike Coffman

Florida:

Marco Rubio (Senate)
Jeff Miller
Steve Southerland
Ander Crenshaw
Richard Nugent
Cliff Stearns
John Mica
Daniel Webster
Gus Bilirakis
Bill Young
Dennis Ross
Vern Buchanan
Connie Mack
Bill Posey
Tom Rooney
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Lincoln Diaz-Balart
Allen West
Sandy Adams
David Rivera

Georgia:

Johnny Isakson (Senate)
Saxby Chambliss (Senate)
Jack Kingston
Lynn Westmoreland
Tom Price
Austin Scott
Tom Graves
Paul Broun
Phil Gingrey

Idaho:

Mike Crapo (Senate)
James Risch (Senate)
Raul Labrador
Michael Simpson

Illinois:

Mark Kirk (Senate)
Peter Roskam
Joe Walsh
Robert Dold
Adam Kinzinger
Judy Biggert
Randy Hultgren
Tim Johnson
Don Manzullo
Bobby Schilling
Aaron Schock
John Shimkus

Indiana:

Dan Coats (Senate)
Marlin Stutzman
Todd Rokita
Dan Burton
Mike Pence
Larry Buschon
Todd Young

Iowa:

Tom Latham
Steve King

Kansas:

Jerry Moran (Senate)
Pat Roberts (Senate)
Tim Huelskamp
Lynn Jenkins
Michael Pompeo

Kentucky:

Mitch McConnell (Senate)
Rand Paul (Senate)
Ed Whitfield
Brett Guthrie
Geoff Davis
Hal Rogers
Ben Chandler

Louisiana:

David Vitter (Senate)
Steve Scalise
Jeffery Landry
John Fleming
Rodney Alexander
Bill Cassidy
Charles Boustany
South Dakota:

John Thune (Senate)
Kristi Noem

Tennessee:

Bob Corker (Senate)
Lamar Alexander (Senate)
Phil Roe
John Duncan
Chuck Fleischman
Scott DesJarlais
Diane Black
Marsha Blackburn
Stephen Fincher

Texas:

John Cornyn (Senate)
Kay Bailey Hutchison (Senate)
Louie Gohmert
Ted Poe
Sam Johnson
Ralph Hall
Jeb Hensarling
Joe Barton
John Culberson
Kevin Brady
Michael McCaul
Mike Conaway
Kay Granger
Mac Thornberry
Ron Paul
Bill Flores
Randy Neugebauer
Lamar Smith
Pete Olson
Francisco Canseco
Kenny Marchant
Michael Burgess
Blake Farenthold
John Carter
Pete Sessions

Utah:

Michael Lee (Senate)
Orrin Hatch (Senate)
Rob Bishop
Jason Chaffetz

Virginia:

Scott Rigell
Randy Forbes
Robert Hurt
Bob Goodlatte
Eric Cantor
H. Morgan Griffith

Washington:

Jaime Herrera
Doc Hastings
Cathy McMorris
Dave Reichert

West Virginia:

David McKinley
Shelley Moore Capito

Wisconsin:

Ron Johnson (Senate)
Paul Ryan
Jim Sensenbrenner
Tom Petri
Sean Duffy
Reid Ribble

Wyoming:

Mike Enzi (Senate)
Cynthia Lummis
Maryland:

Andy Harris
Roscoe Bartlett

Massachusetts:

Scott Brown (Senate)

Michigan:

Dan Benishek
Bill Huizenga
Justin Amash
Dave Camp
Fred Upton
Tim Walberg
Mike Rogers
Candice Miller
Thad McCotter

Minnesota:

John Kline
Erik Paulsen
Michele Bachmann
Chip Cravaack

Mississippi:

Roger Wicker (Senate
Alan Nunnelee
Gregg Harper
Steven Palazzo

Missouri:

Roy Blunt (Senate)
Todd Akin
Vicky Hartzler
Sam Graves
Billy Long
Jo Ann Emerson
Blaine Luetkemeyer

Montana:

Dennis Rehberg

Nebraska:

Mike Johanns (Senate)
Ben Nelson (Senate)
Jeff Fortenberry
Lee Terry
Adrian Smith

Nevada:

Dean Heller (Senate)
Mark Amodei
Joe Heck

New Hampshire:

Kelly Ayotte (Senate)
Frank Guinta
Charlie Bass

New Jersey:

Robert Andrews
Frank LoBiondo
Jon Runyan
Chris Smith
Scott Garrett
Leonard Lance
Rodney Frelinghuysen

New Mexico:

Steve Pearce

New York:

Peter King
Bob Turner
Michael Grimm
Nan Hayworth
Chris Gibson
Ann Marie Buerkle
Tom Reed

North Carolina:

Richard Burr (Senate)
Renee Ellmers
Walter Jones Jr.
Virginia Foxx
Howard Coble
Sue Myrick
Patrick McHenry

North Dakota:

Rick Berg

Ohio:

Rob Portman (Senate)
Steve Chabot
Jean Schmidt
Mike Turner
Jim Jordan
Bob Latta
Bill Johnson
Steve Austria
John Boehner
Pat Tiberi
Steve LaTourette
Steve Stivers
James Renacci
Bob Gibbs

Oklahoma:

Tom Coburn (Senate)
Jim Inhofe
John Sullivan
Frank Lucas
Tom Cole
James Lankford

Oregon:

Greg Walden

Pennsylvania:

Pat Toomey (Senate)
Mike Kelly
Glenn Thompson
Jim Gerlach
Pat Meehan
Michael Fitzpatrick
Bill Shuster
Thomas Marino
Lou Barletta
Charlie Dent
Joseph Pitts
Tim Murphy

South Carolina:

Jim DeMint (Senate)
Lindsey Graham (Senate)
Tim Scott
Joe Wilson
Jeff Duncan
Trey Gowdy
Mick Mulvaney
According to the Americans for Tax Reform website, 238 Representatives and 41 Senators have signed
this pledge.  Some of these have been in the news recently, trying to back out of the pledge on the basis
that they believe it was for only one term of office and not a perpetual pledge.  That is commendable, but
even so, signing such a pledge even for one term is a violation of the oath of office and the Constitution
for the reasons listed on the
previous page.  These are the 238 Representatives and 41 Senators listed
as having signed the pledge.  All are Republicans, except for Democrats Chandler of Kentucky, Nelson of
Nebraska and Andrews of New Jersey.  All are in the House, except where identified as Senator:
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